Dogs are a part of the family; wouldn’t it be great if you could feed them like family? Actually, you can, when it comes to vegetables. Feeding vegetables is a great way to keep your dog healthy while also reducing costs and extra trips to the store to buy pet food.

Just like us, dogs require a variety of organic foods and nutrients for a balanced diet. Veggies are rich in fiber, minerals, antioxidants, enzymes, and phytonutrients not found in meat. It’s important to feed your dog different kinds of vegetables, as each type offers its own array of nutrients.

Dog-Friendly Vegetables

Now you’re ready to get cookin’! Next time you’re at the store, try picking up these 10 dog-friendly vegetables to feed both your family and your pet:

1. Kale
Benefits: Kale’s key vitamins like K, A, and Iron provide bone health, proper vision and immune function, fetal development, and energy metabolism.

2. Spinach
Benefits: Spinach contains potassium, magnesium, and vitamins B6, B9, and E. It also contains high amounts of carotenoids, vitamin C, vitamin K, folic acid, iron, and calcium.

3. Carrots
Benefits: Carrots contain vitamin A from beta-carotene), biotin, vitamin K, potassium, and vitamin B6.

4. Green Beans
Benefits: Green beans are full of important vitamins and minerals, such as iron, calcium, and vitamins B6, A, C, and K. Green beans are also low-calorie and rich in fiber, which can help dogs feel full.

5. Broccoli
Benefits: Broccoli contains a huge variety of vitamins, including vitamin K, vitamin C, and potassium, which improve bone density, battle diseases, and improve heart health in dogs.

6. Beets
Benefits: Beets provide vitamin C, fiber, folate, manganese, and potassium. These nutrients help your dog’s digestion and immune system and support healthy skin and coat.

7. Celery
Benefits: Celery offers many vitamins including A and C, which are antioxidants that will help keep your dog young and healthy.

8. Cucumber
Benefits: Cucumbers have lots of phytonutrients and antioxidants, which offer your dog anti-inflammatory benefits.

9. Yams /Sweet Potatoes
Benefits: Sweet potatoes are great for digestive health because they’re high in fiber. They contain vitamin B6, vitamin C, and manganese, plus they are rich in the antioxidant beta-carotene.

10. Butternut Squash
Benefits: Butternut squash contains lots of vitamins and minerals like A, C, B6, and more which help your dog’s immune system, vision, and cardiovascular function.

Toxic Fruits & Vegetables for Dogs

A few fruits and vegetables, though they’re good for humans, can be toxic for your pet. Avoid giving your dog any of these:

1. Grapes, raisins, and currants
Even a few of these fruits can cause severe kidney damage in your pooch. Keep the grapes far away.

2. Aromatics like onions, garlic, and chives
These can wreak havoc on your dog’s blood cells, which could cause low iron levels and harm to their kidneys.

3. Persimmons, peaches, plums, apricots, and cherries
The seeds in persimmons can cause inflammation of the small intestine if consumed by your dog. Similarly, the seeds or pits in peaches, plums, apricots, and cherries contain cyanide, which is poisonous for both humans and dogs.

Note: The meat of the fruit itself is not harmful as long as it contains no toxic seeds (see above). If you decide to cut bits of fruit for your dog, it should be fine.

4. Mushrooms
Store-bought mushrooms are fine for dogs to consume, but avoid feeding wild mushrooms as they may be toxic.

If your dog has eaten a toxic mushroom, it may begin to exhibit symptoms such as wheezing, vomiting, diarrhea, and changes in a heartbeat. At its most severe, ingesting toxic mushrooms can cause organ failure, seizures, and comas in dogs.

5. Rhubarb
Rhubarb also contains oxalates, and consuming this type of plant can cause problems with your pet’s nervous system, digestive tract, and kidneys. Rhubarb can also reduce the calcium in your dog, causing renal failure and other health issues.

If your dog has eaten any of these foods, take them to the vet or emergency clinic immediately.

How to Prepare Vegetables for Dogs

The way you prep the vegetables is just as important as the vegetables themselves-chop a small enough so your dog can’t choke. For optimal benefits, the veggies will be pureed – see below.

Veggies make a great snack or treat as long as your dog doesn’t have trouble digesting them. Here are some simple prep methods:

Submerging vegetables quickly in boiling hot water and then very cold water, also known as blanching, is a great option for preparing vegetables. Blanching cleanses the surface of vegetables of dirt and retains both vitamins and flavor. It’s also a healthy alternative for humans because no cooking oil is needed. For more information on different types of blanching, check out these instructions.

Steam is an excellent method for cooking veggies that don’t require submerging in boiling water. Steaming cooks the vegetables through, while still preserving the bright color and flavor, and much of the nutrient content.

For maximum benefits and digestibility, veggies can be blended into a raw puree. Some vegetables, such as celery and spinach, do not need to be cooked before blending. Root vegetables like carrots and sweet potatoes should be blanched or steamed to make blending possible. Pureeing the vegetables breaks down the cell walls of the plant material, making them easier for dogs to digest.

Cooking vegetables in large batches and storing them in the freezer is a great way to save time and effort. After pureeing, put the veggies in an ice cube tray, and just grab a cube when you’re in a hurry! Simple, and healthy.

Tip: Even though vegetables are great for your pet, keep veggie content to less than 25 percent of your dog’s diet. Each of our recipes contains less than 15 percent, for example. Too many vegetables can create issues, such as negatively changing the gut flora, or increasing alkalinity, which would cause kidney issues. When it comes to healthy diets, moderation and balance are key.